quinta-feira, abril 06, 2017

What is Anarcho-Capitalism?


What is Anarcho-Capitalism? - Chase Rachels

De mortuis nil nisi bonum redux

De mortuis nil nisi bonum:
The Latin phrases De mortuis nihil nisi bonum (“Of the dead, nothing unless good.”) and De mortuis nil nisi bene [dicendum] (“Of the dead, nothing [spoken] unless good.”) indicate that it is socially inappropriate to speak ill of the dead.
Parece-me que este bom costume social teve origens bastante cínicas - pois em sociedades onde a violência física era mais presente, e mais generosamente distribuída, não seria boa ideia irritar os lutuosos. Não obstante, ficou, e transformou-se em bom costume. E à medida que a civilização singrou, e as interacções sociais passaram a ser cada vez mais codificadas, e porventura sujeitas a maiores tensões só libertáveis por palavras, cada vez mais a contenção se tornou marca de elegância. De facto, faz sentido o pesar pela morte de alguém querido, faz sentido a indiferença perante a morte de algum desconhecido, faz sentido deixar ir os adversários com algum fair-play.

Mas estas são boas práticas sociais. Sociais. Não "sociais" como em "rede social", que em muitos casos é o oposto ao que é "naturalmente" social - as "redes sociais" promovem um suposto contacto com imensa gente que mal conhecemos, o que dá origem a episódios socialmente pouco saudáveis - por exemplo pesares desequilibrados pela morte de alguma celebridade qualquer -- e a patologias crónicas -- por exemplo, indiferenças por milhares que são carnicariados em nome de ideologias políticas. São exemplos da utilização de uma ferramenta para a qual a psicologia humana não está preparada - quaisquer travões só existem por analogia com a "vida real". Mas, no fim do dia, as "rede sociais" (incluam-se os mass media), sendo "pouco naturais", e pouco sociais, não condicionam forçosamente a vida de ninguém.

O mesmo não acontece com a política moderna. O político, ou agente político, efectivamente é um agente de influência sobre um sistema político e burocrático que ordena a vida das pessoas. Já dizia Proudhon:

“To be GOVERNED is to be watched, inspected, spied upon, directed, law-driven, numbered, regulated, enrolled, indoctrinated, preached at, controlled, checked, estimated, valued, censured, commanded, by creatures who have neither the right nor the wisdom nor the virtue to do so. To be GOVERNED is to be at every operation, at every transaction noted, registered, counted, taxed, stamped, measured, numbered, assessed, licensed, authorized, admonished, prevented, forbidden, reformed, corrected, punished. It is, under pretext of public utility, and in the name of the general interest, to be place under contribution, drilled, fleeced, exploited, monopolized, extorted from, squeezed, hoaxed, robbed; then, at the slightest resistance, the first word of complaint, to be repressed, fined, vilified, harassed, hunted down, abused, clubbed, disarmed, bound, choked, imprisoned, judged, condemned, shot, deported, sacrificed, sold, betrayed; and to crown all, mocked, ridiculed, derided, outraged, dishonored. That is government; that is its justice; that is its morality."

Nestas condições, é apenas saudável que a política desperte paixões. O Estado é uma instituição "pouco natural" que ordena a sociedade pela força. Os seus agentes não têm escrúpulos, em vida, em serem veículos de ideias. Sobretudo ideias sobre como mandar nas pessoas. Os mesmos agentes não têm escrúpulos em "imortalizarem" os seus pares no espaço público, para memória futura das suas ideias; e quando a memória dessas ideias se torna inconveniente para o regime, não têm escrúpulo em removerem essas manifestações do mesmo espaço público, para que as ditas ideias possam cair no esquecimento.

O Estado não é civilização. Não pertence ao universo das instituições sociais. As regras sociais não se aplicam ao Estado. Nem aos seus agentes. Que se queira estender cortesias sociais ao político, é legítimo. Incluindo de mortuis nil nisi bonum. Como é legítimo não o fazer. Não é um privilégio do político ficar lavado da sua carreira, ao serviço do monopólio da violência, uma vez que tenha deixado de ser. Nem é um direito ou expectativa razoável de quem o apoiou, politicamente e socialmente, estar protegido de desagrados meramente verbais. As pessoas vão-se, as ideias para as quais contribuiram não. Compreende-se que seja desagradável, mas mais desagradável - violento - foi o poder que o político exerceu. E comparativamente e contra esse poder abusivo, quando um seu agente se vai, meras palavras desagradáveis podem não passar de um epitáfio caridoso.

Outra questão são a qualidade das ideias. Alguns políticos defendem que o Estado mantenha ou aumente o seu poder sobre as pessoas. Outros, o oposto. A justeza das ideas não é medida pela "falta de nível" de quem se regozija pelo falecimento de um adversário político. Sim é baixo fazer ainda mais baixa a baixa política com a morte de alguém, mas os fundamentais não mudaram quando uma pessoa desaparece e as ideias ficam. E as ideias combatem-se. E não com ataques - ou defesas - ad hominem. Sobretudo, também não é com falsas modéstias, e acusações que os outros são sobranceiros. Existem ideias moralmente superiores, e são as ideias da Liberdade. As demais, que se arrogam "socialmente sensíveis", não passam de doutrinas que condenam a sociedade a viver sob os diktats de um sistema disfuncional imoral desgovernado por políticos e burocratas.

É verdade que nos extremos socialistas vingam os comportamentos bárbaros, mas nos meios-caminhos há muita gente que muito dignamente todos os dias contribui para uma sociedade menos livre. Muita gente muito educada que em fóruns políticos defende as ideias moderadas, moderadamente grotescas. Porque à medida que aperta o garrote socialista, o que é moderado é cada vez mais iliberal. Em substância e em tendência. A política é cada vez mais a gestão e o exercício do que socialmente seria inadmissível.

O unanimismo beneficia sobretudo esse status quo. Estatista. O unanimismo confere a todos uma aura de respeitabilidade que não tinham nem passaram a ser. É importante que as paixões sejam libertadas, nem que sejam negativas, nem que sejam reservadas só a quem afronta o sistema socialista, para que o respeitinho pelo estatismo não passe a ser a norma.

Dividir e Parasitar - modus operandi da esquerda

Não só em temas de "raça" mas também em temas sócio-económicos, religiosos, filosóficos, de princípios, etc,


Dead Wrong™ with Johan Norberg - Identity Politics on the Left and Right

How We Will Win

How We Will Win:
Back in 1992, in the last years of Murray Rothbard’s life, the brilliant founder and leading theoretician of the modern libertarian movement gave a speech before the first meeting of the John Randolph Club, a convergence of libertarians and paleoconservatives. Entitled “A Strategy for the Right,” it outlined the means by which a united paleo-libertarian movement could take back the country. I won’t try to summarize what he said in that seminal talk here, except to say it was vintage Rothbard, and that it ended on a characteristically optimistic note in which he seemed to foresee the possibilities that are opening up before us today:
“When I was growing up, I found that the main argument against laissez-faire, and for socialism, was that socialism and communism were inevitable: ‘You can’t turn back the clock!’ they chanted, ‘you can’t turn back the clock.’ But the clock of the once-mighty Soviet Union, the clock of Marxism-Leninism, a creed that once mastered half the world, is not only turned back but lies dead and broken forever. But we must not rest content with this victory. For though Marxism-Bolshevism is gone forever, there still remains, plaguing us everywhere, its evil cousin … well, let’s just call it ‘Menshevism,’ or ‘social democracy.’

“Social democracy is still here in all its variants, defining our entire respectable political spectrum, from advanced victimology and feminism on the Left over to neoconservatism on the Right. We are now trapped, in America, inside a Menshevik fantasy, with the narrow bounds of respectable debate set for us by various brands of Marxists. It is now our task, the task of the resurgent right, of the paleo movement, to break those bonds, to finish the job, to finish off Marxism forever.”

terça-feira, março 21, 2017

Free Speech & Postmodernism


Jordan Peterson on Milo, Free Speech & Postmodernism

the Left Fears Libertarianism

Why the Left Fears Libertarianism :
.. libertarianism, however weak its influence today, is a much greater long-term threat to the left than is any form of conservatism, and the leftist intellectuals sense this even if they can’t articulate why. Leftism, whether they know it or not, is a distorted permutation of the classical liberal tradition. The statist left did their deal with the devil—the nation-state, centralized authority of the most rapacious kind—supposedly with the goal of expediting the liberation of the common man and leveling the playing field. More than a century since the progressives and socialists twisted liberalism into an anti-liberty, pro-state ideology, they see that they have made a huge mess of the world, that, as they themselves complain, social inequality persists, corporatism flourishes, and wars rage on. As the chief political architects of the 20th century in the West, they have no one to blame but themselves, and so they target us—the true liberals, the ones who never let go of authentic liberal idealism, love of the individual dignity and rights of every man, woman and child, regardless of nationality or class, and hatred of state violence and coercive authoritarianism in all its forms.

School


My Beef with School (+ Ideological Investment)

The Oldest Rhetorical Trick in the Book

The Oldest Rhetorical Trick in the Book:
It’s an old, old argument indeed – and one, despite its evident fallaciousness, still widely wielded and fallen for. If you are against trade restrictions, you are against workers and high wages. If you are against minimum wages, you are against the poor. If you are against paid family leave, then you are against families. If you are against Obamacare, then you are against affordable health care. If you are against government-set safety standards, then you are for letting people be poisoned and slaughtered indiscriminately. If you are against easy money, then you are for recessions. If you are against government-provided schooling, then you are against the education of the masses. If you are against American militarism, then you are against world peace and for evil dictators. If you are against the ‘war on drugs,’ then you are for widespread dissoluteness and dissipation. If you are against licensing requirements for hair-braiders, then you are for people having to suffer bad hairdos. The list can be extended indefinitely.

And it works, of course, with equal fallaciousness in the other direction. If you are for same-sex marriage, then you are against traditional families. If you are for legalizing prostitution, then you are against morality. If you are for cutting taxes, then you are against equality. If you are for Citizens United, then you are against democracy. This list, too, can be extended indefinitely.

Cult of Indiscriminateness


Cult of Indiscriminateness - SJW's Explained

Intellectual Property is Theft

Intellectual Property is Theft:
Property and monopoly (including IP) are not only distinct; they are antithetical to each other. To the extent that a proprietor has the exclusive right to use his particular means any way he chooses, a would-be monopolist cannot claim ownership of such “ways” and therefore cannot have the power to veto such uses. And to the extent a monopolist has “ownership” over ways of using any means whatsoever, a would-be proprietor can never truly own a particular means. The proprietor must ever be at odds with the monopolist.

domingo, março 19, 2017

There Is No Gender Wage Gap


There Is No Gender Wage Gap

O Papa anticapitalista

El Papa Francisco, en 'El País': "El liberalismo económico mata":
Es entonces cuando pasa al ataque contra el liberalismo económico: "El problema es que Latinoamérica está sufriendo los efectos -que marqué mucho en la Laudato Si'- de un sistema económico en cuyo centro está el dios dinero, y entonces se cae en las políticas de exclusión muy grande. Y se sufre mucho. Y, evidentemente, hoy día Latinoamérica está sufriendo un fuerte embate de liberalismo económico, de ese que yo condeno en Evangelii Gaudium cuando digo que "esta economía mata". Mata de hambre, mata de falta de cultura". Y termina diciendo que "los sistemas liberales no dan posibilidades de trabajo y favorecen delincuencias". El papa Francisco pide para solucionar lo que según él es un problema, "rearmarse con formaciones de políticos que realmente den a Latinoamérica la fuerza de los pueblos".

Global Warming in a Climate of Ignorance


Global Warming in a Climate of Ignorance | Space News


Global Warming and Our Electric Sun | Space News

Trans Pacific Partnership Is about Control, Not Free Trade

Trans Pacific Partnership Is about Control, Not Free Trade:
A real free trade policy would amount to a couple of sentences, not thousands of pages: one nation announcing that all imports and exports to and from that nation are to be exempt from duties, controls, quotas, tariffs. That is free trade.

Bastiat: The Unseen Radical


Bastiat: The Unseen Radical

A Free Trade Deal


No, President Trump Didn't Get Rid Of "A Free Trade Deal"
:
The real meaning of free trade is no government interference, involvement, regulation, or meddling. That's why the word "free" is there. "Free" of the government.

Market Cooperation


How We Talk About Economics and Why It Matters | Paul Rubin

Identity Politics Will Not Lead to Freedom

Identity Politics Will Not Lead to Freedom::
Because of the inherent complexity of politics, encouraging identity-based advocacy to create and institute change is likely to exacerbate the ignorance and draw stronger lines between identity groups, thereby increasing the tendency to treat identity as a surrogate for political knowledge. This encourages suspicion of those who appear different instead of seeking information and education.

Sadly, relying on identity politics encourages stereotypes, thwarts the work of freedom, and assigns motives to many without direct evidence. As this occurs, many may eventually conclude: why bother with evidence when we have decided that identity politics is an acceptable surrogate for actual information? And when it is clear that the value of an idea is no longer relevant, and evidence and arguments are substituted with identities, expect unseemly movements to form in response.

domingo, janeiro 15, 2017

Society and the Entrepreneur


Ayn Rand Lecture with Julie Meyer MBE - Why Society Works Best When It’s Organised Around the Entrepreneur

Taxation is Wrong

What's Wrong with Taxation?:
The first step is to acknowledge, unapologetically, that the institution of taxation is not a civilized but a barbaric method to fund anything, because it amounts to nothing less than outright extortion, a gross violation of human liberty.

Democracia e rent-seeking


Destruindo a Democracia em 2 minutos, por Patri Friedman

The Church Of Climate Scientology

The Church Of Climate Scientology: How Climate Science Became A Religion por Alex Epstein:
1. They use manipulative language
2. They won’t admit when their theory fails
3. They intimidate, rather than explain

The Paris Climate Agreement and the Climate


The Paris Climate Agreement Won't Change the Climate

Health Care Not a Right

ealth Care Is a Commodity, Not a Right:
... medical care is a commodity, and treating it otherwise is foolhardy. To make a commodity cheaper and better, two elements are necessary: profit incentive and freedom of labor. The government destroys both of these elements in the health-care industry.