sábado, janeiro 08, 2011

Markets, economics, and environmental issues (2)

Na continuação de Markets, economics, and environmental issues, via Reason (How Much Energy Do We "Waste" Transporting Non-Local Foods?), excertos de The Locavore's Dilemma: Why Pineapples Shouldn't Be Grown in North Dakota:
.. if people understood comparative advantage, much of the impetus for buying local foods would disappear.
Local food is generally more expensive than non-local food of the same quality .. Asking us to purchase local food is asking us to give up things we otherwise could have enjoyed—the very definition of wealth destruction.
.. When the government encourages consumers to pay higher prices for a local product when a lower-cost non-local product of equal quality is readily available, it is asking the community to destroy its wealth ..
.. The goal of most people is not to minimize the use of energy, but rather to enjoy life, given our wealth and the prices we face .. If someone cares about the plight of the poor, as we do, shouldn't we want them to be able to stretch their food dollars as far as possible?
.. It can be hard .. to accept the idea that people's free choices in markets produce a wiser allocation of resources, but clear thinking requires a bit of humility.
The decision to buy local foods is a shopping decision, not a moral one .. the reality is that local-food policies .. institutionalize prejudices for one human over another based on such arbitrary criteria as the location of their farm .. If we want to foster the civic virtues of trust, trustworthiness, and community, the local-food movement is a move in the wrong direction—it is little more than nativism.

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