terça-feira, novembro 20, 2012

Keynes pelas suas palavras

Este é o guru das "políticas de crescimento" - se o país está asfixiado em impostos, burocracias e políticas burras, nada melhor que gastar dinheiro dos contribuintes em qualquer coisa - especialmente se for qualquer coisa feita da forma mais difícil, que custe abominações a manter, ou quase impossível de desfazer - porque numa sociedade cheia de ineficiências, de trabalho praticamente escravo, de economia de subsistência, há trabalho de sol-a-sol para toda a gente!


Segue a passagem, uma das tiradas mais ignorantes e ignóbeis — leia-se burras &mdahs; da literatura económica:
It is curious how common sense, wriggling for an escape from absurd conclusions, has been apt to reach a preference for wholly “wasteful” forms of loan expenditure rather than for partly wasteful forms, which, because they are not wholly wasteful, tend to be judged on strict “business” principles. For example, unemployment relief financed by loans is more readily accepted than the financing of improvements at a charge below the current rate of interest; whilst the form of digging holes in the ground known as gold-mining, which not only adds nothing whatever to the real wealth of the world but involves the disutility of labour, is the most acceptable of all solutions.

If the Treasury were to fill old bottles with banknotes, bury them at suitable depths in disused coalmines which are then filled up to the surface with town rubbish, and leave it to private enterprise on well-tried principles of laissez-faire to dig the notes up again (the right to do so being obtained, of course, by tendering for leases of the note-bearing territory), there need be no more unemployment and, with the help of the repercussions, the real income of the community, and its capital wealth also, would probably become a good deal greater than it actually is. It would, indeed, be more sensible to build houses and the like; but if there are political and practical difficulties in the way of this, the above would be better than nothing.

The analogy between this expedient and the goldmines of the real world is complete. At periods when gold is available at suitable depths experience shows that the real wealth of the world increases rapidly; and when but little of it is so available, our wealth suffers stagnation or decline. Thus gold-mines are of the greatest value and importance to civilisation. just as wars have been the only form of large-scale loan expenditure which statesmen have thought justifiable, so gold-mining is the only pretext for digging holes in the ground which has recommended itself to bankers as sound finance; and each of these activities has played its part in progress-failing something better.

2 comentários:

  1. Esta introdução é algo infeliz ao tentar ridicularizar Keynes. Seria muito mais interessante discutir as teorias de MPC, do Multiplicador e do Consumidor vs Produtor, tentar contextualizar com o que passa neste momento em Portugal devido à austeridade e argumentar porque não concorda.