Notwithstanding the diversity of our economic structures, overall results show a stagnating European industrial sector that is limiting our ability to lay the foundations to return to sustainable growth.... e de tanta política de crescimento, e de desenvolvimento, e de sociedade de conhecimento (lembram-se da Agenda de Lisboa??), e de tantas outras quimeras dirigistas,
Fetish for making things ignores real work por John Kay:
Manufacturing fetishism – the idea that manufacturing is the central economic activity and everything else is somehow subordinate – is deeply ingrained in human thinking. The perception that only tangible objects represent real wealth and only physical labour real work was probably formed in the days when economic activity was the constant search for food, fuel and shelter.
A particularly silly expression of manufacturing fetishism can be heard from the many business people who equate wealth creation with private sector production ..
When you look at the value chain of manufactured goods we consume today, you quickly appreciate how small a proportion of the value of output is represented by the processes of manufacturing and assembly. Most of what you pay reflects the style of the suit, the design of the iPhone, the precision of the assembly of the aircraft engine, the painstaking pharmaceutical research, the quality assurance that tells you products really are what they claim to be.
Physical labour incorporated in manufactured goods is a cheap commodity in a globalised world. But the skills and capabilities that turn that labour into products of extraordinary complexity and sophistication are not ..