domingo, Setembro 30, 2012

Marx and Smith on Commercial Societies

No seguimento de You Libertarians Are Soulless Materialists,

Liberty and Community: Marx and Smith on Commercial Societies

Pizza Healthcare

Remy: Health Care Mandates vs Pizza Toppings

Frederick Douglass (2)

No seguimento de
- Frederick Douglass
- Drapetomania
- Ten Reasons not to abolish Slavery

Frederick Douglass and Modern Slavery:
"Very soon after I went to live with Mr. and Mrs. Auld, she very kindly commenced to teach me the A, B, C. After I had learned this, she assisted me in learning to spell words of three or four letters. Just at this point of my progress, Mr. Auld found out what was going on, and at once forbade Mrs. Auld to instruct me further, telling her, among other things, that it was unlawful, as well as unsafe, to teach a slave to read....I now understood what had been to me a most perplexing difficulty-to wit, the white man's power to enslave the black man. It was a grand achievement, and I prized it highly. From that moment, I understood the pathway from slavery to freedom. It was just what I wanted, and I got it at a time when I the least expected it. Whilst I was saddened by the thought of losing the aid of my kind mistress, I was gladdened by the invaluable instruction which, by the merest accident, I had gained from my master. Though conscious of the difficulty of learning without a teacher, I set out with high hope, and a fixed purpose, at whatever cost of trouble, to learn how to read."

Too Big To Regulate

Too Big To Regulate: Barron's Gene Epstein on Dodd-Frank

your body, your life, and your liberty

Why Non-Smokers Should Defend Tobacco Rights:
You don’t have the right to smoke tobacco because it’s healthy. You have the right to smoke tobacco because you have the right to make every health decision for yourself. It’s your body, your life, and your liberty.

It’s about the freedom to live your life on your terms — not about the government making sure you make the right choices. It’s about your rights, not about living up to a politician’s standards. The debate isn’t over whether it’s healthy or whether it kills people. We know it does. So does an unhealthy diet and not exercising. That doesn’t mean government diets are a good idea. That doesn’t mean the government should regulate meals I can buy. That doesn’t mean the government should have mandated exercise.
This is not just about tobacco. The principle leads to far more ..
.. We’re heading toward a complete nanny state that regulates every aspect of what we consume.

Screw that. I’m a free man and will live with my own choices. I’m not a child in need of incompetent fools in DC to regulate my life for my own good. And even if I was incompetent, it’s my life — not theirs.

Ten Reasons Not To Abolish Statism

se isto não é do mais corrosivo...

Ten Reasons Not To Abolish Slavery (by Robert Higgs)

Rant Liberal do Dia

Ontem lá apareceram os do costume a bradar contra o "neoliberalismo". Ora, ainda ninguém sabe definir o que é "neoliberalismo". Não seguramente aquelas cabeças arrastadas por cartazes com ditos jocosos, mas adiante.

Pelo que consigo reconstituir, "neoliberalismo" é a aplicação sistemática de medidas supostamente "liberalizantes" à economia. Há que notar que "liberalizantes" tem pouco que ver com "liberais". Medidas que supostamente movem a economia para um estado mais "livre" até podem ser vistas (por alguns) como "liberalizantes", mas se forem feitas para o Estado ficar na mesma, seguramente não são "liberais".

Visto deste prisma, "neoliberalismo" parece ser uma doutrina de exercício de poder político, algo construtivista, padecendo por isso (e também) de uma grande dose de /fatal conceit/ [Hayek].

Um exemplo é o recente caso da TSU. Faz-se redistribuição do "esforço". Para melhorar um indicador macro, o qual produzirá um mundo cheio de alegrias -- um pouco como a "procura agregada" de outros. Em vez de se tamponar o sugadouro da Segurança Social (supostamente é para isso que serve a TSU), ou de reduzir a despesa pública.

Dito de outra forma, joga-se um jogo de soma-nula, em que o que é "liberalizante" para uns pode não ser para outros -- aliás é pago pelos outros. Isto não é "liberalismo" - é uma forma de _socialismo_. É dirigismo que preserva um status quo (a despesa do Estado, com uma vaga promessa de reforma), e que cultiva uma forma diferente de "justiça social", uma forma diferente redistribuição - que nada tem de mercado, de espontâneo, de produto da acção livre das pessoas.

No fundo é mais da "Lei de Mises" - décadas de socialismo light produzem outros socialismos, outros planeadores, que inevitavelmente falharão. Ai e tal, não há tempo, não há dinheiro, a Constituição... e o passo lógico é estourar capital político a "rearranging the deck chairs on the Titanic"? Talvez não seja de estranhar - afinal o actual Governo, sendo mais "liberal" [adjectivo] do que os anteriores (não era difícil, ninguém merecia), nada tem de liberal [substantivo] - é mais do mesmo sabichonismo social-democrata, talvez agora com umas vestes mais tecnocráticas.

Por muito que seja imbecil associar estas políticas ("neoliberais") ao liberalismo clássico (que advoga MENOS controlo político da economia - o que NUNCA teria produzido uma crise financeira desta escala), essa associação existe. E será desonestamente explorada por todos aqueles que preferem que o mundo arda em socialismo, do que ver a sua visão do mundo perturbada pela "anarquia" de gente livre -- livre de comissários políticos, sociais e económicos, um mundo (Keynes nos livre) sem défices, dívida, "austeridade", ameaças de totalitarismos populistas -- e de "neoliberalismo" salvador. Pois bem, not in my name.

sábado, Setembro 29, 2012

sobre empreendedorismo económico

What Is Entrepreneurship?:
Kirzner's explanation of entrepreneurship should be recognized for what it is; an abstract metaphor to help explain why markets clear. His focus is on the abstract, aggregate effects of acts of alertness. The abstract "entrepreneurial opportunity" is Kirzner's unit of analysis. He does not take uncertainty into account.

A full understanding of Kirzner's entrepreneur raises considerable doubt as to whether those studying entrepreneurship in the real world should focus on Kirzner's conception or not. Those studying entrepreneurship should seriously consider the alternative explanations presented by the Austrian School: by economists such as Menger, Fetter, Mises and Rothbard. They make human action the unit of analysis, not abstract "opportunities."

FK state,
It is the real-world, flesh and blood entrepreneur, who not only bears uncertainty in his judgments about deploying the resources he owns and controls but is also alert, creative, and leader — and not some abstract, hypothetical discoverer — who is the "driving force of the market."
It is questionable whether Kirzner's conception helps us understand the real-world entrepreneur.

Regras simples e políticos (ainda mais) simples

Regras simples e políticos (ainda mais) simples:

Se é verdade que o regime nasceu torto com uma constituição socialista, que Guterres deslumbrou-se com o dinheiro fácil e com a possiblidade de deixar a conta para os netos pagarem e que Sócrates colocou os pregos no caixão, a incapacidade dos governos da alegada direita de fazer diferente torna-os cúmplices no assassinato da república.

I hate the word we

A Collection of Thoughts por Christian Light:
As a libertarian I hate the word we. We may all be Libertarians here. Whether you are of the anarchist variety or minarchist we have one thing in common, we hate the state. As a libertarian anarchist I hate the state, I might hate it more than most anarcho-capitalists do. I hate everything it stands for. Hate is a strong word, but it describes what I feel. Why shouldn’t we use the word hate to describe how we feel toward this entity we call the state? I think we should use the word hate. After all, we are describing an institution that claims to have absolute control over us! That claims it owns us, it owns our actions. The very thought of this disgusts me. I hate the very thought of the state, the very thought of the state. I am a sovereign human being! How dare someone else tell me how I should live or what I should do with my life! I am a free human being. No government has to tell me I’m free. I know that I was born free. I don’t’ have to explain myself to anyone or any government.

"Austeridade" (6)

No seguimento de "Austeridade" (5)

Austerity? What Austerity?

The Greatest Thinker

The Greatest Thinker You've Never Read: Ludwig von Mises:
Ludwig von Mises can no longer teach us economics in person. His astounding intellectual contributions live on, though, in his writings and in the passion for truth that shines through almost every word. Unfortunately, the people who most need to read Mises probably won’t. In this light, I can close with nothing better than the sober warning Mises offers in the last few sentences of Human Action:
“The body of economic knowledge is an essential element in the structure of human civilization; it is the foundation upon which modern industrialism and all the moral, intellectual, technological, and therapeutical achievements of the last centuries have been built. It rests with men whether they will make the proper use of the rich treasure with which this knowledge provides them or whether they will leave it unused. But if they fail to take the best advantage of it and disregard its teachings and warnings, they will not annul economics; they will stamp out society and the human race.”

Natural Born Bullies

Natural Born Bullies


Aquilo que nenhum político vos dirá de José Manuel Fernandes:
O primeiro tabu é o da renegociação das dívidas. Não que essas dívidas não existam, como dizem os viciados em despesa pública. Mas porque genuinamente não conseguimos pagá-las e elas condicionam demasiado o nosso futuro para podermos ter qualquer esperança.

O segundo tabu é o do abandono do euro, acabando de vez com a ilusão de que conseguimos ter a disciplina dos alemães. A nossa economia, para nossa desgraça, não mostrou ser capaz de viver sem inflação e sem desvalorizações. Será o fim do nosso sonho de convergência com “a Europa”, mas marcará também o regresso a uma vida com os pés na terra.

O país que sairia destas duas medidas não seria bonito de se ver, mas seria ao menos um país de novo entregue a si próprio, que teria reconquistado a liberdade que pusemos nas mãos da troika. É altura de começar a discutir o preço que teriam para todos nós estas alternativas. Estou cansado da conversa sobre os “cortes” por parte de quem, na verdade, não quer “cortes” nenhuns e tem como único sonho encontrar quem que nos pague as contas, chamando a isso “solidariedade”.

Happy Birthday Herr von Mises (2)

No seguimento de Happy Birthday Herr von Mises

Celebrating Ludwig von Mises Birthday - Freedom Watch

Rant Liberal do Dia

Há uma coisa que os inimigos do capitalismo parece não terem percebido quando pedem impostos sobre os "ricos". O que eles queriam era impostos sobre o _capital_ dos ricos. Ir roubar ao que os "ricos" já têm. No fundo, impostos retroactivos. E sim, roubo, e quem defende roubo é autor moral de roubo, e portanto é ladrão - mas adiante. Essa gente na prática está a clamar por impostos sobre os rendimentos futuros dos "ricos", impostos que (por aproximação) nada afectam o actual stock de riqueza que os "ricos" já detêm. Impostos sobre a criação futura de riqueza - dos "ricos" e da sociedade. Julgam estes paladinos da "justiça social" que estão suprimir "excessos" num lado para entregar generosa e sabiamente noutros lados. Ora, é riqueza que ainda não foi produzida. Lucros cessantes se quisermos. Nunca existiram e nunca vão existir. Contudo, contrariamente ao que pensam os roubalhões sofisticados, dos "ricos" (aqueles a quem "vale a pena" roubar com pretextos pulhas), a maior parte desses "ricos" não gasta o dinheiro que ganha em "luxos". (Nota "luxos" não deixam de ser consumo, e uma forma de redistribuição de riqueza). Os "ricos" investem e reinvestem. Sim, é actividade que também multiplica o dinheiro, quando os investimentos são bons. Mas também é actividade que proporciona às empresas existentes a liquidez que necessitam, ou que as torna mais eficientes, ou que as liquida quando já não são eficientes (libertando os recursos para utilizações mais válidas), ou que gera nova actividade económica - mais empregos, mais escolhas profissionais, mais escolhas de consumo. Não é consumo (extinção) de recursos, é produção (criação) de mais recursos. Os impostos sobre os "ricos" matam esta dinâmica. Claro que os "ricos" deixam de ter tantas oportunidades - da muitas que têm. Mas quem mais sofre são aqueles que não as têm, e que não as vão ter -- porque se há receitas acrescidas, o Estado encarrega-se de as torrar. E assim se mantém um Estado gordo, viciado no cartão de crédito, perdulário, caloteiro -- e manipulador de emoções, tal como qualquer agarrado. Os impostos sobre os "ricos" consistem no fundo em matar oportunidades para "ganhar" oportunidades perdidas.

Socialism made to fail (2)

No seguimento de Socialism made to fail,

If I wanted Britain to fail


The president decides to stick with ‘climatism’:
Today, the world is in the grip of the madness of climatism. Our president and 191 other world leaders of the United Nations continue to pursue futile policies to stop global warming. Universities preach “sustainable development.” Companies tout their “green” programs. Schools teach our children that if we change light bulbs, we can save polar bears. But an increasing body of science shows that the theory of catastrophic manmade warming is nonsense. Climate change is natural, and car emissions are insignificant.

sexta-feira, Setembro 28, 2012

do ódio ao investimento

Sobre a Zona Franca da Madeira:
Penso que quer as decisões que foram recentemente tomadas, quer a forma como o CINM é normalmente abordado no nosso País (muito politiqueira), são nocivas para os interesses da Madeira e de Portugal. Porque a verdade é esta: deixando de existir os privilégios fiscais de que beneficiavam as empresas que aí se instalavam, estas pura e simplesmente deslocalizam-se para outras paragens concorrentes. E nem é preciso ir para fora da União Europeia: Holanda, Áustria, Polónia, Luxemburgo, Malta, Chipre, "Channel Islands" britânicas Ou, fora da UE, Ilhas Cayman ou Macau, entre muitas outras. Naturalmente, foram estas praças financeiras que ficaram a ganhar Quem perdeu? Óbvio: a Madeira e Portugal.
O último parágrafo é... crapulesco. É giro como esta maltosa socialista gosta de combater "paraísos fiscais" e tudo o que permita ao cidadão e investidor meter dinheiro a salvo da predação dos Estados -- talvez porque seria maravilhoso viver num imenso e homogéneo "inferno fiscal" sem escolha para onde fugir:
Uma chamada de atenção final: não estamos, evidentemente, a tratar do fim de paraísos fiscais, zonas francas ou "off-shore" a nível global. Seja lançada uma iniciativa neste sentido que conte com apoios que lhe permitam ter pés para andar, e serei um subscritor entusiasta. Até lá, tratar a ZFM como ela tem sido tratada, não é mais do que um perfeito absurdo e uma demagogia sem limite que só prejudica a Madeira e Portugal.

Steve Horwitz

Steve Horwitz on Austrian Economics, Bleeding Heart Libertarians, and Family

Rachel was wrong (5)

No seguimento de Rachel was wrong (4), Fifty Years Later: Rachel Carson Is Still Wrong:
.. her vision of a chemically caused cancer epidemic never came to pass. In fact, people are living longer and healthier lives, cancer rates have declined even as chemical use increased, and chemicals are not among the key causes of cancer.

Carson was particularly wrong about DDT. Humans were exposed to massive amounts of DDT without showing ill effect. Many scholars have well documented how Carson’s anti-DDT rhetoric contributed to malaria problems by encouraging many governments around the world to stop using it completely. Meanwhile, limited and targeted uses of DDT could have saved millions of lives. Unfortunately, malaria now kills more than a million people and makes hundreds of millions seriously ill annually, mostly children in the developing world. Groups like Africa Fighting Malaria have helped reverse some of these trends by encouraging targeted uses of DDT to save lives, but many children continue to die from malaria needlessly.

Frederick Douglass

The Libertarian View: The Story of Frederick Douglass

Austerity Works (2)

No seguimento de Austerity Works, As Spain and Greece Burn, Estonia Offers a Lesson:
On the other side of the spectrum, the Baltic nations (especially Estonia and Latvia) cut government spending and liberalized their economies. While the short-term effects were painful, these two countries grew last year by 8.3 percent and 5.5 percent, respectively—remarkable when you consider that Greece, Spain, and Italy are in recession.

In Estonia, total government spending fell by 10 percent in just two years. The Estonian people displayed admirable fortitude, while the Estonian government recognized that the spiralling private-sector debt of the previous decade had produced unsustainable, illusory growth and that the financial crisis of 2008 had exposed structural flaws in their economy.

Remarkably, their swift action—which, in line with best practices, made significant supply-side reforms alongside the spending cuts—enabled them to keep their highly competitive 21 percent flat tax. They even got rewarded for their efforts with re-election.
.. the problems in southern European are structural. Excessive borrowing, large welfare states, high debts, illiberal labor markets, and dysfunctional banking sectors—and, decisively, the euro as it was adopted in 1999—are the real underlying causes of today’s crisis. Remedying it will require addressing those problems, not pumping more borrowed money into the system.

Krugman takedown (2)

No seguimento de Krugman takedown, Paul Krugman refuses to debate Austrian economist for charity:
If New York Times columnist Paul Krugman debates Austrian economist Robert Murphy, a New York food bank will get over $73,000. Yet Krugman, who believes in income redistribution to help the poor, has refused to debate Murphy.
Murphy reportedly created a campaign at two years ago that allows visitors to pledge money to charity if Krugman debates him. Murphy has even suggested that liberal Washington Post columnist Ezra Klein moderates the debate.
According to blogger Brian LaSorsa, this situation is a win-win for Austrian School of economics:
There are only two possible outcomes: (1) Krugman approves and Murphy gets the chance to engage in an open and honest debate about economic policy while delivering a huge bag of money to a food bank’s doorstep, or (2) Krugman disapproves and we reveal a redistributionist as hypocritical.
Murphy himself explains that by denying the challenge, “Krugman would have to explain to his loyal readers why it wasn’t worth his time to debate for an hour on business cycle theory even though it would mean [thousands of dollars] of right-wing money would then be used to feed hungry New Yorkers.”



Alternativas por Bruno Alves:
.. O padrão identifica-se facilmente: a cada obstáculo encontrado, um hipotético corte na despesa pública foi substituído por um muito real aumento da carga fiscal, asfixiando a economia e forçando os portugueses a pagar a cobardia governamental.

.. a opção por mais cortes na despesa pública não seria isenta de sacrifícios para uma grande parte do país: a redução do peso do Estado implicaria aumento dos custos a serem directamente suportados pelas pessoas que recorressem a serviços como a Saúde e a perda de empregos no sector público.

.. a única escolha a fazer é a de qual a forma de “austeridade” que queremos. Quem diz que “não há políticas inevitáveis” e que “a austeridade não traz crescimento” tem toda a razão. Infelizmente, nenhuma das alternativas à nossa disposição abre um caminho que não tenha como destino o empobrecimento.


BillyRock at Mises University

É urgente expurgar o socialismo da constituição (2)

No seguimento de É urgente expurgar o socialismo da constituição(1),

Paradoxo constitucional (2) de Adolfo Mesquita Nunes:
Não há ninguém que hoje não defenda cortes na despesa. Já é um avanço. Hoje sabemos que ter as contas em ordem é condição essencial para o crescimento. Hoje está claro que, quanto mais o Estado cortar na despesa, menos os contribuintes têm de pagar por ela.

É certo que, na hora de concretizar esses cortes, as opiniões começam a dividir-se de uma forma que favorece a indecisão. Assim que se anuncia um corte, logo aparece quem diga que o corte devia ser feito noutro lugar ou com outra proporção ou apenas depois de outros cortes ..
.. há que olhar para a composição da despesa pública. As despesas com a segurança social, a saúde e a educação constituem cerca de 75% dos encargos do Estado. As despesas com prestações sociais e salários correspondem a cerca de 70% dos encargos do Estado. Cerca de 70% dos gastos com educação ou com segurança e ordem pública prendem-se com salários. E note-se que as restantes áreas, as primeiras sacrificadas em qualquer política de contenção, estão já quase reduzidas ao seu mínimo (sofrendo cortes muitas vezes injustos), uma vez que os vários governos procuram preservar as áreas sociais e estão impedidos de resolver o problema pelo lado dos salários.

Isto não é ideologia. É a realidade a bater-nos à porta. E, se queremos cortes, temos de encarar a realidade de frente.

quinta-feira, Setembro 27, 2012

Composição da despesa pública em Portugal

Via O Insurgente, Composição da despesa pública em Portugal

É mais ou menos isto: 20%. Por Joaquim Couto.
As despesas com a Segurança Social, a Saúde e a Educação, constituem cerca de 75% dos encargos do Estado.

Necessitam de um corte de 20%, para equilibrarmos as contas.

Libertarian Redistribution

Libertarians for Redistribution:
Libertarians also have good reason to recognize the importance of two other kinds of redistribution: redistribution understood as the predictable and desirable outcome of the maintenance of a freed market, and redistribution as a matter of corrective justice.. We can call these kinds of redistribution transactional and rectificational.
Transactional redistribution is just a description of what happens in a genuinely freed market. Markets undermine privilege. Without the protection afforded by monopoly privileges (including patents and copyrights), subsidies, tariffs, restrictions on union organizing, protections for long-term ownership of uncultivated property, and so forth, members of the power elite, forced to participate along with everyone else in the process of voluntary cooperation that is the freed market, will tend to lose ill-gotten gains..
The means of transactional redistribution is the market. The direct agents are ordinary market actors, while those responsible for the elimination of statist privileges that distort the market and prop up the wealth of the power elite are the indirect agents. The rationales for transactional redistribution include the value of freedom and the injustice of the privileges transactional redistribution corrects.
People deserve compensation for the losses they have suffered at the hands of those who prefer the political to the economic means of acquiring wealth. It is obviously not possible to correct all historical injustices. But when those injustices have systematically benefited some identifiable groups at the expense of others, radical correction is possible and entirely warranted. That’s why Murray Rothbard argued that slaves should be entitled to the plantation land on which they worked: their putative “owners” had not used their own labor, or the labor of free people cooperating with them, to cultivate the land; rather, those who cultivated it for the members of the plantocracy did so at gunpoint. Thus, the land was reasonably regarded as unowned prior to the cultivating work of the slaves, who should have been treated as, in effect, homesteading it — and who obviously deserved compensation for the theft of their labor by their “owners.”

Entitlement mentality (4)

No seguimento de Entitlement mentality (3),

Original Obamaphone Lady: Obama Voter Says Vote for Obama because he gives a free Phone

A Reminder About Free Speech

A Reminder About Free Speech:
.. here is a relevant passage on why the right to express an opinion is a much more precious (not to mention real!) one than the right not to be offended, from Jon Stuart Mill’s “On Liberty”:
Let us suppose, therefore, that the government is entirely at one with the people, and never thinks of exerting any power of coercion unless in agreement with what it conceives to be their voice. But I deny the right of the people to exercise such coercion, either by themselves or by their government. The power itself is illegitimate. The best government has no more title to it than the worst. It is as noxious, or more noxious, when exerted in accordance with public opinion, than when in opposition to it. If all mankind minus one, were of one opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person, than he, if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind.

Celebrating Che Guevara (3)

No seguimento de Celebrating Che Guevara (2)

Che Guevara's Not Chic

Charter Cities (7)

No seguimento de Charter Cities (6), Paul Romer on what happened in Honduras:
Qn: Prof. Romer, are you still working with the government of Honduras on the creation of a RED – a Region Especial de Dessarrollo? Or on what some have called a model city?

Ans: I and the other people who were named to the Transparency Commission wrote a public letter to President Lobo stating that we have no ongoing role in the project. Personally, I have also resigned from the CORED advisory committee.

Qn: In the beginning, you were an active supporter of the RED project. What changed?

Ans: From recent newspaper reports, I learned that the Honduran agency responsible for public-private partnerships had signed an agreement about a RED with a private company. When I asked for information, I was told that I could not see this agreement.
Whatever the reasons for these decisions, the result was an important failure of transparency. The public perception, that the Transparency Commission was in operation, differed from the reality. This gave the wrong impression about the checks and balances that would be operating as the first RED came into existence.

Wake the F**K Up

No seguimento de
- Go the Fuck to Sleep - Read by Samuel L. Jackson
- Wake the F**K Up (NSFW)

Wake the F*ck Up! - A Rebuttal (NSFW!)

What Happened To Virtue?

What Happened To Virtue?:
The old fashioned ideas of hard work and self-reliance are made out to be anachronistic. It is no longer a virtue to succeed. What is now honorable is men with guns and badges taking from some and giving to others.
St. Thomas Aquinas famously defined the cardinal virtues of human life as being prudence, temperance, justice, and fortitude ..
In his personal memoirs, the great anti-state thinker Albert Jay Nock once opined:
All I ever asked of life was the freedom to think and say exactly what I pleased, when I pleased, and as I pleased.
.. The “live and let live” existence is the only type that falls closest in line with the natural virtues laid out by Aquinas centuries ago. Refraining from violence is not just an ethical choice, it allows for the productive capacity of men to blossom. And without hard work and the putting off of immediate gratification, less becomes available for the future.

In the age of state welfare pandering, corporate subsidization, and Orwellian monitoring, a longing for true liberty remains totally unconventional. To many, it is downright radical to take charge of one’s life and wish only to be left in peace. How we have reached this point is demonstrative of how pervasive the state has become.

There isn’t a shred of decency in how governments or central banks operate. Their functions run antithetical to the basic virtues of mankind. If we as a species are to use our reason and free will to better our live, the institutionalized violence the state embodies must be rejected.

Friedman - Books on economic philosophy

Milton Friedman - Questions Of Trade

Charter Cities (6)

No seguimento de Charter Cities (5), Private city in Honduras will have minimal taxes, government:
“Once we provide a sound legal system within which to do business, the whole job creation machine – the miracle of capitalism – will get going,” Michael Strong, CEO of the MKG Group, which will build the city and set its laws, told

Strong said that the agreement with the Honduran government states that the only tax will be on property.

Our goal is to be the most economically free entity on Earth,” Strong said.
The laws in the city will be separate from those in the rest of Honduras. Strong said that the default law that will be enforced in the city will actually be based on Texas state law, which has relatively few regulations.

“It will be Texas law with more freedom of contract. Texas scores well on state economic freedom rankings,” he explained.
The rules for immigrating to the city have yet to be finalized, but are expected to be loose.

“It will be designed to be very welcoming to those with a minimum threshold of skills or capital,” Strong said. However, businesses in the city will be required to employ a minimum proportion of native Hondurans – a requirement imposed at the outset by the Honduran government to ensure that the city’s benefits largely go to Hondurans.

The Real Fiscal Cliff

The Real Fiscal Cliff: How to Spot the Ledge | Peter Schiff

Língua oficial

English for All, Freedom for None:
The most common charge leveled against multilingualism is that it is "inefficient." Why waste millions of dollars translating ballots, legislation, censuses, and other government documents into multiple languages when we can just publish it all in one? Is this not more efficient? .. "efficiency" is a purely subjective notion.

What does it mean for something to be efficient? Efficient for whom? For the millions of people who do not speak English well, having a ballot translated into Spanish — which takes perhaps half an hour of a translator's time — is a far more efficient option than spending hundreds or thousands of dollars and hours on learning English.

.. So when the organization English First supports legislation to "lower healthcare costs by using English only and removing the translator mandate," they are interested only in costs to healthcare providers, and ignore costs to Spanish-speaking individuals — a classic broken-window fallacy. These advocates have failed to take heed of Bastiat and Hazlitt's important admonitions.
.. This is the insoluble problem of every government-funded service. What this problem reveals, however, is that the argument from "efficiency" is not really about efficiency at all but rather about preferences, namely, the preference as to how other people's money should be used.

Gun control madness

"Gun control is like trying to reduce drunk driving by making it tougher for sober people to own cars"

Rachel was wrong (4)

No seguimento de Rachel was wrong (3),

Rachel Carson and the Bed Bugs por Jeffrey Tucker:
.. Bedbugs had been eradicated, so far as anyone knew, sometime after World War II, in both the United States and Europe. It was a major advance for civilization, a bedbug-free life.
The reason for the eradication? DDT, the lifesaving insecticide discovered by Swiss chemist Paul Hermann Müller, who received the Nobel Prize in 1948 for having saved millions from malaria. DDT was the miracle drug that gave mankind a fighting chance against its great enemies in the insect world.
Then sometime in the 1960s, all that began to change. There was a dramatic shift in the philosophy of government and in popular culture. The landmark book that appeared 50 years ago this week was Silent Spring by popular writer Rachel Carson. The purpose of the book was to ban DDT. But there was more going on: the advance of a philosophy that turned everything on its head.
She suggested that killing a bedbug is no different from killing your neighbor: “Until we have the courage to recognize cruelty for what it is — whether its victim is human or animal — we cannot expect things to be much better in this world… We cannot have peace among men whose hearts delight in killing any living creature.”
I guess she never heard of the Black Death.
.. contrary to Rachel Carson, you don’t sleep better knowing that the bedbugs are enjoying their right to life at your expense. In the end, it is them or us. Their bloated and red bodies appear that way only thanks to your blood, which they have stolen like thieves in the night.
.. Look at the situation with malaria around the world today. It is a wholly preventable disease, provided that we want to prevent it. But with the banning of DDT, here is the situation, according to the truth-telling website
Malaria is often a fatal disease caused by a protozoan that is transmitted to humans via mosquito bites. According to the World Health Organization, malaria kills more than a million people a year — mostly children — and makes more than 300 million seriously ill. Ninety percent of malaria’s victims live in Africa, and most of them are children under the age of five. In Africa, one in 20 children dies from malaria, according to one estimate. The malaria death toll is equivalent to about 3,000 children dying from the disease a day — which amounts to one child dying every 30 seconds.

Socialismo monetário (7)

No seguimento de Socialismo monetário (6)

How Crony Capitalism Corrupts the Free Market | David Stockman

A Liberdade é incompatível com a Democracia

The “Forward Strategy” for Failure:
In today’s intellectual chaos, these two terms are regarded as equivalents; in fact, however, they are antithetical. Freedom is fundamentally incompatible with democracy. Political freedom means the absence of physical coercion. Freedom is premised on the idea of individualism: the principle that every man is an independent, sovereign being; that he is not an interchangeable fragment of the tribe; that his life, liberty, and possessions are his by moral right, not by the permission of any group. It is a profound value, because in order to produce food, cultivate land, earn a living, build cars, perform surgery—in order to live—man must think and act on the judgment of his own rational mind. To do that, man must be left alone, left free from the initiation of physical force by the government and by other men.

Since freedom is necessary for man to live, a proper government is one that protects the freedom of individuals. It does that by recognizing and protecting their rights to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness. It must seek out and punish those—whether domestic criminals or foreign aggressors—who violate the rights of its citizens. Above all, the government’s own power must be strictly and precisely delimited, so that neither the government nor any mob seeking to wield the state’s power can abrogate the freedom of citizens. This kind of government renders the individual’s freedom untouchable, by putting it off-limits to the mob or would-be power lusters. A man’s life remains his own, and he is left free to pursue it (while reciprocally respecting the freedom of others to do the same).

Empreendedorismo em série

Singulars : Xavier Verdaguer: un emprenedor "en sèrie"

Segurança Social "ponzi"

Via O Insurgente, “Segurança Social: um “esquema de Ponzi” em nome da solidariedade” de José António Moreira (Visão online):
Panorama assustador. Em 2010, a proporção “contribuinte por pensionista” era de apenas dois contribuintes por cada 1,3 pensionistas. Mas, tão ou mais assustador, é a evolução que essa proporção tem verificado. Tudo o mais constante e supondo que esta continua a crescer para futuro ao ritmo atual de 1,5% ao ano, dentro de cerca de 30 anos a proporção (total) terá baixado para um contribuinte por pensionista.

Porém, como se tudo isto não fosse suficientemente assustador, dois elementos adicionais tornam o cenário tenebroso: por razões demográficas e de crescimento do desemprego, o número de novos contribuintes para o sistema tenderá a crescer muito lentamente ou, mesmo, a decrescer; em contraste, a esperança média de vida da população contribuirá para o aumento do número de pensionistas a uma taxa superior à da entrada de novos contribuintes.
Não fosse este tipo de esquema gerido pelo Estado, e portanto suportado por lei, e os respetivos mentores estariam neste momento na prisão, ou em vias de lá irem parar, por defraudarem os aderentes ao sistema

quarta-feira, Setembro 26, 2012

never allowed to grow up

Remember When You Were Three?

Appetite for destruction

'I Want a Cost-Free Life!' por Butler Shaffer:
While driving on the freeway the other day, I saw a sign on another car urging me to "demand free energy." Why the driver failed to include "free food," "free gasoline," "free designer clothes," "free cars," "free sex," "free luxury home," or any other whim was not made clear. This man’s message expressed the whine heard from men and women whose parents never helped them to learn that the causal regularities of nature cannot be suspended for their momentary convenience; that the costs of the benefits we desire must be incurred by someone. Such infantile thinking underlies all political programs – the costs of which are forcibly imposed upon others. The self-serving demands for these programs are usually disguised more subtly as "general welfare," "social responsibility," the "public interest," or other seemingly selfless ends. On occasion – as was the case with this driver – the purposes are more patently expressed, albeit without the foot-stomping tantrums attending such displays in adolescent years. When I see or hear such demands, I am reminded of the childhood lyrics "I want what I want when I want it!"
Politics is the most pervasive means for mobilizing such anti-social forces as theft, coercion, killing, deceit, parasitism, torture, lying, conflict, inter-group hatred, wars, and insistence upon obedience to authority enforced by violence. The state’s principal purpose involves forcibly taking property from owners and giving it to others, a practice that includes imposing costs on those who have not chosen to bear them. This system is inherently at war with the self-directed nature of life itself: forcing people to act as they do not choose to act, and forcibly restraining them from pursuing ends they do value. As history reminds us – and as we are discovering for ourselves – such behavior destroys civilizations.

Rachel was wrong (3)

No seguimento de Mosquitos first (7) e Rachel was wrong (2),

Rachel Carson's Silent Spring at 50 Years

O défice. O défice. O défice.

A propósito deste texto imbecílico de José Vítor Malheiros, em grande o jcd no Blasfémias - O José Vitor existe mesmo?:
Não é a nossa dívida que gera défices insustentáveis. São os défices insustentáveis que geram dívida. Enquanto houver défice, a dívida cresce. É verdadeiramente inacreditável que tanta gente aparentemente bem formada e tantos jornalistas pretensamente bem informados ainda não tenham compreendido que a divida pública é, basicamente, o somatório dos défices dos anos anteriores.
Aponte José Vítor (em bold e sublinhado para que nunca se esqueça): a Dívida Pública de um ano é a Dívida Pública do ano anterior mais o défice do ano corrente. Sim, há outras coisinhas, mas não quero confundir-lhe a cabeça. Esta definição serve para começar.
P: “Mas que dívida é esta?”
R: É, grosso modo, o défice acumulado dos últimos 38 anos.
P: “E devemos de quê?”
R: Dos défices José. Dos défices. Dos défices. Dos défices. Escreva 100 vezes, por favor.

P: “O que comprámos?”
R: O estado compra muitas coisas. Por exemplo, em 2010 gastou 88,5 mil milhões de euros. Como só teve de receitas 71,5 mil milhões, pediu emprestado 17 mil milhões. Principalmente, compra trabalho – cerca de 21.000 milhões são salários de funcionários públicos – paga pensões e faz aquilo a que chama investimentos. Também faz muitas transferências de verbas para muitos sítios: Regiões autónomas, municípios, fundações, empresas públicas e todos os milhares de institutos e organismos que por aí pululam. Os orçamentos do estado têm páginas e páginas de tabelas de organismos e instituições que recebem dinheiros do estado. Veja aqui, por exemplo, para 2010. Mas se pergunta o que comprámos com a dívida, a resposta é simples: comprámos o défice. O défice. O défice. O défice. (Escrever 500 vezes, por favor)
P: “Quem pediu?”
R: O Estado, habitualmente através do Instituto de Gestão de Dívida Pública. O governo, via acordo com a troika. Ou as Câmaras e organismos públicas em negociação directa com bancos.

P: “Quem recebeu?”
R: O Estado, as câmaras, as empresas públicas. Grande parte foi obra do último governo. Veja aqui o buraco de Sócrates
P: “Para onde entrou o dinheiro?”
R: Para contas dos estado, das autarquias e das empresas públicas.

P: “Para que serviu?”
R: Para pagar o défice. Vamos lá outra vez. O défice. O défice. O défice. Escreva 5000 vezes.
É para o défice, José. O défice. O défice. O défice. (10000 vezes)

America is drones, death and terror

Living Under Drones
Since 2004, up to 884 innocent civilians, including at least 176 children, have died from US drone strikes in the North Waziristan region of Pakistan. A new report from the Stanford and New York University law schools finds drone use has caused widespread post-tramatic stress disorder and an overall breakdown of functional society in North Waziristan. In addition, the report finds the use of a "double tap" procedure, in which a drone strikes once and strikes again not long after, has led to deaths of rescuers and medical professionals. Many interviewees told the researchers they didn't know what America was before drones. Now what they know of America is drones, death and terror

no catholic ’third way’

André Alves: there is no catholic „third way”:
State intervention should be regarded as the last resort. We shouldn’t look at the state as the primary means of tackling social problems. If we fall into that trap, we will make the problems worse. The first basic unit is the family, after that there is the community, we have voluntary associations, and we shouldn’t remove the obligation to tackle poverty from them and give it to the burocratic structure of the state – says André Avezedo Alves, the professor of the Catholic University of Portugal.
Leitura recomendada!

Every joke is a tiny revolution

Via O Insurgente

Hammer and Tickle - Trailer

parasitismo socialista, escala nacional

Tal como acontecia na URSS, em que "o Ocidente" era necessário para a estipulação de preços para garantir o mínimo (mesmo assim não o suficiente) de aparência de normalidade económica,

Why social welfare states need the United States:
…we develop a simple model of economic growth in a world in which all countries benefit and potentially contribute to advances in the world technology frontier. A greater gap of incomes between successful and unsuccessful entrepreneurs (thus greater inequality) increases entrepreneurial effort and hence a country’s contribution to the world technology frontier.

We show that, under plausible assumptions, the world equilibrium is asymmetric: some countries will opt for a type of “cutthroat” capitalism that generates greater inequality and more innovation and will become the technology leaders, while others will free-ride on the cutthroat incentives of the leaders and choose a more cuddly form of capitalism.

Paradoxically, those with cuddly reward structures, though poorer, may have higher welfare than cutthroat capitalists; but in the world equilibrium, it is not a best response for the cutthroat capitalists to switch to a more cuddly form of capitalism.

the Rebirth of Liberty

David Kelley on Ayn Rand and the Rebirth of Liberty

poupança, estabilidade fiscal, reformas estruturais

poupança, estabilidade fiscal, reformas estruturais e tempo:
Se atirar dinheiro para cima dos problemas sem os resolver não é solução, fazê-lo apenas à custa do dinheiro de quem ainda produz alguma coisa só poderá agravar mais ainda o cenário ..

A primeira, que os nossos credores sabem que esta crise, que resultou de um modelo social e económico errado, posto em prática há, pelo menos, quarenta anos e agravado fatalmente nos últimos oito, não se resolverá em dois ou três. Menos ainda se matarmos a galinha dos ovos de ouro que a poderá pagar, isto é, a economia, com impostos descontroladamente elevados e em crescendo permanente ..
No seguimento do que já está escrito, o estado terá de reformar profundamente a sua actividade, condição imprescindível para redimensionar, a sério, a sua despesa ..
Poupança, estabilidade fiscal e reformas estruturais são as condições essenciais para que Portugal possa honrar os seus compromissos com os credores. A estas condições há que acrescentar, no quadro actual, uma quarta condição inevitável: tempo, tempo razoável e humanamente sensato para reformar a sério o país.

.. uma das expectativas que levou à mudança do anterior governo era a de que um governo de Passos Coelho teria uma credibilidade superior ao de Sócrates perante os credores. Isto, obviamente, para lhes demonstrar que seria capaz de viabilizar Portugal e o estado português, e não apenas para conseguir as receitas fiscais e os empréstimos necessários a manter o modo de vida que nos arruinou. É essa demonstração que está por fazer e que os nossos credores não viram ainda. A alternativa a ela é a bancarrota inevitável.

Only Government Creates Inflation

No seguimento de Inflation is a disease,

Milton Friedman - Only Government Creates Inflation


Embora com reservas - e discordâncias - relativamente à receita, o insurgente Ricardo Arroja - A ruptura:
Aquela manifestação foi na sua essência um protesto contra os partidos e contra a ‘troika'; só não foi (ainda) um protesto a favor de alguma coisa. É, pois, aqui que reside a oportunidade: que alguém proponha aos portugueses alguma coisa de verdadeiramente diferente que os faça pensar, que os retire da resignação e da apatia para a qual, naturalmente, deslizarão à falta de alternativa. É, pois, momento de romper com a situação.
É que só há um caminho para desfazer todas as soluções estatistas das últimas décadas. Liberalizar. Tudo.

The Electoral Process

No seguimento de President Obama and Mitt Romney

Keyes to the Republic Vol. 2 The Electoral Process

cortar onde se diz, falsamente, que o Estado é mais necessário

Cortes? de Tomas Belchior:
.. preferimos continuar a acreditar que é possível termos Estado sem o pagarmos.

Em alternativa teríamos de reconhecer que cortes estruturais na despesa do Estado só podem, e devem, ser feitos nas suas funções sociais. Num país onde achamos que é o Estado que tem a obrigação de construir escolas, de gerir hospitais ou de pagar subsídios de desemprego, isto implica explicar aos portugueses que pagar impostos não é ser solidário.
Há quem nos queira vender a tese de que se o Estado não usar os nossos impostos para educar os nossos filhos, cuidar dos nossos pais na velhice ou assegurar a dignidade dos nossos pobres, em vez de educarmos os nossos filhos, cuidarmos dos nossos pais ou ajudarmos os nossos pobres, optaríamos por queimar o nosso dinheiro. A dita tese é obviamente absurda ..
.. é por isso mesmo que devíamos ter a coragem de assumir que devemos cortar onde se diz, falsamente, que o Estado é mais necessário.

The Destruction Of Privacy

Jeffrey Rosen - The Destruction Of Privacy

Rant Liberal do Dia

A propósito de Não há onde cortar na Educação (?),
É que quando demagogicamente se vem dizer que mais cortes não são possíveis, e a serem feitos terão que o ser na santíssima trindade do Estado Social – na Saúde, na Educação e na Segurança Social -, afinal parece que não estamos a falar em deixar morrer pessoas à porta de hospitais ou em tirar aulas de Matemática às criancinhas. Parece que afinal, nos orçamentos destes ministérios, há ainda muitas estruturas anquilosadas, muitos pareceres, muitos professores em horário zero, destacados em sindicatos, ou a fazer as inutilidades e a participar nos esquemas que o ministro se prepara para instituir, aproveitando para estender o abraço do funcionalismo público a uma nova leva de funcionários. Tudo serve para justificar a sua incapacidade em agir.
Embora seja matematicamente impossível NÃO cortar no Estado dito 'Social' (e o autor concorda), o ponto aqui é mais sofisticado. Aqueles que querem todo um ecossistema de parasitas a viver à custa da sociedade, ou que defendem políticas públicas que resultam nisso, vêm sempre dizer que a alternativa imediata a um Estado engordado é a matança de crianças, idosos e pandas fofinhos. É a lógica do psicopata. Mentira. O 'Estado Minimo', que é o Papão usado por socialistas de esquerda e de direita (e sim devemos temer o dia em que políticos e burocratas não roubem metade da riqueza produzida no país), não passa de manipulação emocional muito primária. O Estado está entranhado em todo o lado, como cheiro rançoso de fritos, e desamparar os mais vulneráveis não é prioridade para ninguém. E enquanto as massas explodem em perdigotos por causa de um 'neoliberalismo' que ninguém sabe definir, a pedir 'moralização' e outros pensamentos magicos da geração Paulo Coelho, o fartar vilanagem continua.

Ludwig von Mises - the young years

Richard Ebeling: Ludwig von Mises in Austria

Socialismo monetário (6)

No seguimento de Socialismo Monetário (5), Twin Demons por Llewellyn H. Rockwell Jr.:
Governments can raise revenue in three ways. Taxation is the most visible means of doing so, and it eventually meets with popular resistance. They can borrow the money they need, but this borrowing is likewise visible to the public in the form of higher interest rates — as the federal government competes for a limited amount of available credit, credit becomes scarcer for other borrowers.
No government has ever said, "Because we want to go to war, we must abandon central banking," or "Because we want to go to war, we must abandon inflation and the fiat money system." Governments always say, "We must abandon the gold standard because we want to go to war." That alone indicates the restraint that hard money places on governments. Precious metals cannot be created out of thin air, which is why governments chafe at monetary systems based on them.
The war machine and the money machine, in short, are intimately linked. It is vain to denounce the moral grotesqueries of the US empire without at the same time taking aim at the indispensable support that makes it all possible. If we wish to oppose the state and all its manifestations — its imperial adventures, its domestic subsidies, its unstoppable spending and debt accumulation — we must point to their source, the central bank, the mechanism that the state and its kept media and economists will defend to their dying days.

terça-feira, Setembro 25, 2012

IP Gagnam Style

What's so funny about Gangnam Style?:
The world is currently in thrall to a fat Korean Psycho who is spouting anti-capitalist messages and blowing things up. Ordinarily America would be up in arms, but its defence forces are too busy learning the horse-dance and chorusing "Heeey sexy lady" to properly react. Shots have been fired, lifeguards have been fired, but Gangnam Style fever continues unabated: the music video has had more than 262m views on YouTube and made history as the most liked video ever.
Well, there's the fact that Gangnam Style is ridiculously catchy, but that alone doesn't explain the song's meteoric rise. Essentially, it is just an over-the-top video where a fat man does a comical dance and sings repetitive lyrics that don't make sense to most of us.
The video also contains the seeds of its own reconstruction – which goes a long way to explain its success. The dance moves are simple enough to mimic and easily copied scenarios – such as the elevator scene – call out to be aped. Psy has produced a video that is born to spawn and has further facilitated this by waiving his copyright.


Economic Freedom of the World

Economic Freedom of the World:
.. Hong Kong retains the highest rating for economic freedom, 8.90 out of 10 (down slightly from 9.01 last year). The rest of this year's top scores are Singapore, 8.69; New Zealand, 8.36; Switzerland, 8.24; Australia, 7.97; Canada, 7.97; Bahrain, 7.94; Mauritius, 7.90. Finland, 7.88; and Chile, 7.84. Bahrain and Finland are new to the top 10 — replacing, notably, the United Kingdom (fell to 12th) and the United States (a sizable drop to 18th).

The United States, long considered the standard bearer for economic freedom among large industrial nations, has experienced a substantial decline in economic freedom during the past decade. From 1980 to 2000, the United States was generally rated the third freest economy in the world, ranking behind only Hong Kong and Singapore. After increasing steadily during the period from 1980 to 2000, the chain linked EFW rating of the United States fell from 8.65 in 2000 to 8.21 in 2005 and 7.70 in 2010. The chain-linked ranking of the United States has fallen precipitously from second in 2000 to eighth in 2005 and 19th in 2010 (unadjusted ranking of 18th).

The rankings (and scores) of other large economies in this year's index are Japan, 20th (7.64); Germany, 31st (7.52); France, 47th (7.32); Italy, 83rd (6.77); Mexico, 91st, (6.66); Russia, 95th (6.56); Brazil, 105th (6.37); China, 107th (6.35); and India, 111th (6.26).

Our Enemy the State!

Our Enemy the State!
Stefan Molyneux, host of Freedomain Radio, and Jeffrey Tucker, CEO of Laissez-Faire Books, discuss the anti-authoritarian classic Our Enemy the State by Albert Jay Nock

Gov Business

Via O Insurgente, No Business Like Gov Business:
Imagine a big corporation. A really big corporation that monopolizes as much as it can and compels you to buy its low quality overpriced services and imprisons you if you refuse to pay for them whether you use them or not.

Now imagine a CEO who has no accountability, who cannot be put on trial for his actions while serving in that position, who picks and chooses which laws to follow, who breaks the law, causes thousands of deaths, lies repeatedly and wants to spend another four years doing it all over again.

We are all shareholders of the corporation of government ..
Beyond all the moral and political problems, there is the practical problem that the monster .. performs its functions like Frankenstein trying to take a flower from a girl's hand. The flower gets crumpled and Frankenstein stomps off to smash things.
On paper, the corporation exists to provide services to customers. In practice it exists to provide wealth to its boards, its suppliers and its employees. It is a non-profit, in the worst sense of the word, because its finances are unsustainable, it keeps going only by compulsively lying to everyone it owes money to, promising debtors that they will be repaid and customers that they will be served, while its insiders stuff their pockets full of stolen money.

President Obama and Mitt Romney

Keyes to the Republic Vol. 1 President Obama and Mitt Romney

Libertarian Left

Enfim, útil para perceber alguns textos, embora seja uma abordagem que brinca demasiado com o fogo, e errada na guerra de ideias... Libertarian Left por Sheldon Richman:
These authors—and a growing group of colleagues—see themselves as both libertarians and leftists. They are standard libertarians in that they believe in the moral legitimacy of private ownership and free exchange and oppose all government interference in personal and economic affairs—a groundless, pernicious dichotomy. Yet they are leftists in that they share traditional left-wing concerns, about exploitation and inequality for example, that are largely ignored, if not dismissed, by other libertarians. Left-libertarians favor worker solidarity vis-à-vis bosses, support poor people’s squatting on government or abandoned property, and prefer that corporate privileges be repealed before the regulatory restrictions on how those privileges may be exercised. They see Walmart as a symbol of corporate favoritism—supported by highway subsidies and eminent domain—view the fictive personhood of the limited-liability corporation with suspicion, and doubt that Third World sweatshops would be the “best alternative” in the absence of government manipulation.
One way to view the separation of left-libertarians from other market libertarians is this: the others look at the American economy and see an essentially free market coated with a thin layer of Progressive and New Deal intervention that need only to be scraped away to restore liberty. Left-libertarians see an economy that is corporatist to its core, although with limited competitive free enterprise. The programs constituting the welfare state are regarded as secondary and ameliorative, that is, intended to avert potentially dangerous social discontent by succoring—and controlling—the people harmed by the system.

You Libertarians Are Soulless Materialists

Thomas Woods: Critics Say, "You Libertarians Are Soulless Materialists"

Quando a democracia falha

Quando a democracia falha por André Abrantes Amaral:
O Estado não tem dinheiro. Mas se ninguém quer pagar mais impostos, poucos querem que o Estado deixe de sustentar empresas, fundações, institutos, ensino gratuito para quem o poderia pagar, empregos que não são precisos para nada e subsídios culturais de retorno nulo. O Estado não tem dinheiro, mas a maioria não deixa que se mexa em nada, porque isso seria desestruturar o Estado que, dessa forma, está a desestruturar a economia.

São poucos os que não esperam receber o quer que seja do Estado, nem querem viver na dependência da sua generosidade. A grande maioria prefere contribuir para o bem comum, recebendo o seu quinhão. Dessa forma, caímos numa armadilha: instituímos uma democracia que favorece uma maioria sedenta de favores públicos e desprotegemos os indivíduos, vistos como egoístas e insensíveis. Agora, a maioria massificada virou-se contra a maioria de nós, quando individualmente considerados. Como pessoas, sentimo-nos desprotegidos e frágeis perante o poder cego do Estado, quando a maioria que recebe conhece agora o preço individual da factura. A democracia, se falhou, foi porque negligenciámos a liberdade individual e deixámos os cidadãos sós contra uma maioria que ninguém controla.

Imagine There’s No YouTube

Remy: Imagine (There's No YouTube)

Rant Liberal do Dia

Project Management. Desde o início que o Governo parece navegar à vista. O programa eleitoral era um conjunto de banalidades não quantificadas, o programa do governo idem, e desde então a coisa não mudou. Ninguém diz que é fácil a tarefa de reformar estruturalmente o Estado. Mas sem um programa, um roadmap com objectivos e prazos, finais e intermédios, nem que seja para ir adaptando ao caminho, é impossível.

As consequências são previsíveis. Se não há objectivos, a acção é ditada pelo oportunismo, e não por uma qualquer estratégia auditável. Se não há responsabilidades, ninguém puxa pela carroça, é o deixa-andar. Se não há cadência, incrementalmente faz-se pela vida - o que na cultura político-burocrática, implica empurrar com a barriga e não ceder um centímetro a qualquer mudança que não implique tocar nos "direitos adquiridos".

Se não há clareza sobre as complexidades da missão, insiste-se em chutar para a frente, massajar uns sintomas, fechar modelos abstractos, anunciar medidas psicológicas, comunicar por parábolas, cultivar pensamento mágico, gerir emoções. Se parece que o resto do país também está a fazer isto, é porque está a fazer isto. A política está boa para desenrascados, nacional-porreiros, teóricos, funcionários, e ditadores em potência.

segunda-feira, Setembro 24, 2012

Freeloader Nation

No seguimento de Foreclosure Freeloaders,

John Stossel - Freeloader Nation


Miguel Macedo, o burro e os seus parasitas:
O ministro Miguel Macedo veio explicar que o problema de Portugal era «que havia muitas cigarras e poucas formigas». Diz-nos o Eurostat que Portugal é dos países em que mais tempo se trabalha em toda a Europa, com escolas abertas mais tempo, com filas de trânsito de regresso a casa à 8 da noite e com os mais baixos salários. Numa população activa de 5, 5 milhões, há 300 mil! que são gestores executivos e dirigentes políticos (dados do INE). A estes juntem-se os funcionários que trabalham nas IPPS, ONGs e outras frentes dos partidos do centro, PS, PSD e CDS. E assim, muda-se o zoo: Portugal afinal tem milhões de formigas, 300 mil burros e um número desconhecido de pulgas, carraças e outros parasitas.
Via O Insurgente,
Tem razão o Tiago Mota Saraiva: o problema de Portugal não está nas formigas e nas cigarras, mas na quantidade de pulgas e outros parasitas. O que ele ainda não percebeu é que faz parte da natureza dos animais grandes atrair mais pulgas. Um estado elefante tenderá a atrair muitas pulgas.

Em vez de querermos lutar contra natureza, deveriamos largar o elefante e adoptar um animal mais pequeno. A maior parte das pulgas desapareceria rapidamente.

domingo, Setembro 23, 2012

Income Distribution

Thomas Sowell - Income Distribution

Socialism by Ludwig von Mises (3)

No seguimento de Socialism by Ludwig von Mises (2), To Build a Better Can Opener por Jeffrey Tucker:
Leave goods and services to the market and voila, we get something out of nothing. And then the idea spreads and improves everything, provided there are no artificial barriers .. government intervention slows down the progress of history.

All of this happened while I was reading a book that takes creativity to new level. It was written in 1922 by Ludwig von Mises. I came across this passage:
“The creative spirit innovates necessarily. It must press forward. It must destroy the old and set the new in its place. It could not conceivably be relieved of this burden. If it were it would cease to be a pioneer. Progress cannot be organized…. Society can do nothing to aid progress. If it does not load the individual with quiet unbreakable chains, if it does not surround the prison in which it encloses him with quite unsurmountable walls, it has done all that can be expected of it. Genius will soon find a way to win its own freedom.”
Beautiful. Perfect. The book is Socialism by Ludwig von Mises, a book that relentlessly demonstrates that government intervention not only makes innovation impossible; it creates economic chaos that ends in demolishing civilization. Piecemeal socialism does this bit by bit. All-at-once socialism creates a bloody catastrophe ..
Note that Mises’ argument is value free. It doesn’t say that collectivism is good or bad. It doesn’t rely on the old argument concerning incentives, an argument that is true enough, but seems to rely on certain postulates concerning the nature of man. Mises’ core point concerns something more objective. In a world of scarcity, we need to allocate rationally. We need measures to assess the economic merits of our choices. We need standards by which our forecasts can be declared successful or not. Socialism provides none of that.

the drug war is bullshit

REAL TIME with BILL MAHER (9/21/2012) (720p) - Eugene Jarecki - "The House I Live In"

Prioridades e abstenção

What Are Our Priorities? por Butler Shaffer:
Or, what if you lived in the Ukraine in the 1930s, and were told that you had to choose between Hitler and Stalin to rule you, each of whom desired to exterminate all Ukrainians? If – as many Ukrainians did – you favored Hitler over Stalin because of some mistaken belief that he might be a less immediate threat to your life, might a moment’s reflection suggest to you a better question to be asked?

Or, imagine your son discussing with you his thinking about a career to pursue. Suppose he was trying to decide between becoming a pimp for street-walkers, or a dealer in illegal drugs: what questions might you ask him to consider, and what advice might you give him?

Or, reduce the inquiry to the most personal health considerations. Would you rather have emphysema or lung cancer as "the lesser of two evils?" I asked this question of my physician, and her response was that lung cancer would be the better choice because you had an outside chance of being able to overcome it.

The outcome of every problem we encounter in life can be greatly improved by refining the quality of the questions we ask ourselves. As I tell my students, don’t let the opposition frame the legal issues for you: examine what they have to say, but then refine the inquiry to make certain that your interests are best served by the form of the question. Should you apply this strategy to the forthcoming election, you may discover that getting to choose between Obama and Romney will have no more life-sustaining meaning for you and your family than being "free to choose" between the guillotine and a hanging for the means of your execution. You may decide to follow the advice of George Carlin and just stay home on election day pursuing other expressions of self-interest!


Vladimir Bukovksy - The Plan for a Socialist European Superstate
"...the original idea was to have what they called a convergency, whereby the Soviet Union would mellow somewhat and become more social-democratic, while Western Europe would become social-democratic and socialist.... This is why the structures of the European Union were initially built with the purpose of fitting into the Soviet structure. This is why they are so similar in functioning and in structure.

"It is no accident that the European Parliament, for example, reminds me of the Supreme Soviet. It looks like the Supreme Soviet because it was designed like it. Similarly, when you look at the European Commission it looks like the Politburo. I mean it does so exactly, except for the fact that the Commission now has 25 members and the Politburo usually had 13 or 15 members. Apart from that they are exactly the same, unaccountable to anyone, not directly elected by anyone at all.
If you go through all the structures and features of this emerging European monster you will notice that it more and more resembles the Soviet Union. Of course, it is a milder version....
BÓNUS: perfil de Vladimir Bukovsky

A Queda de Roma (3)

No seguimento de A Queda de Roma (2),
The Roman Empire crumbled to dust because it lacked the spirit of liberalism and free enterprise. The policy of interventionism and its political corollary, the Fuhrer principle, decomposed the mighty empire as they will by necessity always disintegrate and destroy any social entity.
Ludwig von Mises, Human Action

responsabilidade individual

It is all a pile of lies

Means Testing Your Social Security Payments por Gary North:
The biggest source of future red ink will be Medicare. In second place is Social Security.

How can the government pay off these obligations? It can't. The possibility does not exist. The government needs a spare $222 trillion to invest in private companies. This investment must make a return of at least 5 percent to provide the money needed to pay meet the government's obligations. There is no $222 trillion available, and no capital markets large enough to absorb $222 trillion.

Conclusion: the US government will default.

"No, no!" you may be thinking. "This cannot be true. Why, the full faith and credit of the government lies behind these obligations." This is the correct verb: lies. It is also the correct noun.

It is all a pile of lies. These lies are IOUs.
The welfare state's Ponzi scheme economics will catch up with the politicians. It will catch up with everyone who is dependent on the welfare state. All over the Western world, this is statistically inevitable.

We wonder why people begin Ponzi schemes. The schemes always blow up. They cannot survive. The numbers tell us that. Why don't the initiators see what must inevitably hit them?

The financial world was amazed at Bernie Madoff. How did he fool smart rich people for so long, and for so much money?

Simple. He copied Congress.

Thomas Szasz 1920-2012 (3)

No seguimento de Thomas Szasz 1920-2012 (2)

Thomas Szasz Interview by Sheldon Richman

Socialism by Ludwig von Mises (2)

No seguimento de Socialism by Ludwig von Mises:
THAT LUDWIG VON MISES was one of the greatest economists of the 20th century should never be doubted. Mises never worked in scientific or popular obscurity despite various mythologies on left and right that are told. Prior to World War I, Mises had established himself as a leading economic theorist among the younger generation in German-language economics, and in fact in Continental Europe more widely, with The Theory of Money and Credit (1912), and during the interwar years of the 1920s and 1930s, Mises’s reputation as a theorist and methodologist spread internationally. Leading economic thinkers in England (such as Lionel Robbins) and in the United States (such as Frank Knight) came to study closely Mises’s contributions to economic science, and engage his ideas critically. During this time, Mises’s reputation as an outstanding teacher and mentor of young economists grew as the success of his students, such as F.A. Hayek, Fritz Machlup, Oskar Morgenstern, Gottfried Habeler, Felix Kaufman, and Alfred Schutz, spread out from the German-language scientific community throughout Europe and eventually to the international scientific community. In fact, as Henry Simons once remarked, if judged by the contributions of one’s students, Mises must be considered the greatest economic teacher of the first half of the 20th century.
Mises rises above others precisely because he was both an astute technical economist and a bold social philosopher. Socialism puts those skills on display on every page. I have been reading this book since I was a college student in the early 1980s, and I have been teaching the book every year since I started my college teaching career in the late 1980s. I learn something new every time I read it. I encourage the reader to do the same. As Henry Hazlitt said in his review, Socialism is an "economic classic in our time." My only modification would be that the test of time has demonstrated the it is in fact an economic classic for all time.

Is Money Speech?

Is Money Speech?

The War on Words and Facts

The War on Words and Facts por Wendy McElroy:
If you control the language, you control the argument
If you control the argument, you control information
If you control information, you control history
If you control history, you control the past
He who controls the past controls the future.” – Big Brother, 1984
The deepest form of social control is to govern what a human being believes is true and false, right and wrong. When you short-circuit a person’s critical faculty and moral sense, he will obey authority with no need for force because authority has defined who he is.
In his essay “Politics and the English Language” (1946), George Orwell wrote, “[The] decline of a language must ultimately have political and economic causes…. [To] think clearly is a necessary first step toward political regeneration: so that the fight against bad English is not frivolous.”

A vigorous war on words is being waged. Whether you call the process political correctness, cultural Marxism or thought control, certain words have become crimes; they have become hate speech ..
The attack on words is an attack on your ability to think ..

Another way to destroy words is through ‘doublethink’ by which a word or term is also used to mean its opposite ..
Words are deemed to be so powerful that they become acts in and of themselves. For example, pornography becomes an act of violence against women.

How did words become actions?
Relativism and subjectivism have had a devastating impact on the status of facts. In a world that is socially constructed, there are no eternal facts; there is only the reality that is constructed by words and that reality can be shifted. The way to alter the reality is to alter the language and the texts .. An entirely new set of ‘facts’ become the social reality.

Friedman vs Proteccionism

Milton Friedman debates a protectionist.

Free Market Communism

Muita alucinação de Kevin Carson, mas food for thought, Who Owns the Benefit? The Free Market as Full Communism:
The natural effect of unfettered market competition is socialism. For a short time the innovator receives a large profit, as a reward for being first to the market. Then, as competitors adopt the innovation, competition drives these profits down to zero and the price gravitates toward the new, lower cost of production made possible by this innovation (that price including, of course, the cost of the producer’s maintenance and the amortization of her capital outlays). So in a free market, the cost savings in labor required to produce any given commodity would quickly be socialized in the form of reduced labor cost to purchase it.

Only when the state enforces artificial scarcities, artificial property rights, and barriers to competition, is it possible for a capitalist to appropriate some part of the cost savings as a permanent rent. The capitalist, under these conditions, is enabled to engage in monopoly pricing. That is, rather than being forced by competition to price her goods at the actual cost of production (including her own livelihood), she can target the price to the consumer’s ability to pay.
And we free marketers are also information communists. We want the benefits of knowledge and technique to be fully socialized. The largest single share of profit under the current model of corporate capitalism is embedded rents on the artificial scarcity of knowledge and technique.

In a society where waste and planned obsolescence were no longer subsidized, and there were no barriers to competition socializing the full benefits of technological progress, we could probably enjoy our present quality of life with a fifteen-hour work week. And in a society where the dominant mode of production was craft production with cheap, general-purpose CNC machine tools .. the division of labor and the dichotomy between mental and physical labor would be far less pronounced.

Taken together, these two outcomes of free market competition in socializing progress would result in a society resembling .. much as Marx’s vision of a communist society of abundance in which one may “do one thing today and another tomorrow, to hunt in the morning, fish in the afternoon, rear cattle in the evening, criticise after dinner, just as I have a mind, without ever becoming hunter, fisherman, herdsman or critic.”

Entitlement mentality (3)

No seguimento de Entitlement mentality (2),

Obama's next term? Free stuff!

critérios de avaliação

Três critérios para avaliação das medidas alternativas por André Azevedo Alves:
1 – Redução imediata da despesa do Estado com salários e pensões.

2 – Minimização da sobrecarga fiscal total sobre o sector privado.

3 – Outras medidas para redução da despesa do Estado a curto e médio prazo.

O corte de um subsídio para todos falharia todos os critérios: reduziria para metade face ao cenário anterior a redução imediata da despesa do Estado com salários e pensões, constituiria um pesado agravamento da sobrecarga fiscal sobre o sector privado e não teria quaisquer efeitos virtuosos em termos de redução da despesa do Estado a curto e médio prazo.

Entitlement mentality (2)

No seguimento de Entitlement mentality

Rush Limbaugh: In Line For 'Obama Money' In Detroit

transcrição aqui:
ROGULSKI: Why are you here?
WOMAN #1: To get some money.
ROGULSKI: What kind of money?
WOMAN #1: Obama money.
ROGULSKI: Where's it coming from?
WOMAN #1: Obama.
ROGULSKI: And where did Obama get it?
WOMAN #1: I don't know, his stash. I don't know. (laughter) I don't know where he got it from, but he givin' it to us, to help us.
WOMAN #2: And we love him.
WOMAN #1: We love him. That's why we voted for him!
WOMEN: (chanting) Obama! Obama! Obama! (laughing)
ROGULSKI: Will you know today how much money you're getting?
WOMAN: No, I won't, but I'm waiting for a phone call.
ROGULSKI: Where's the money coming from?
WOMAN: I believe it's coming from the City of Detroit or the state.
ROGULSKI: Where did they get it from?
WOMAN: Some funds that was forgiven (sic) by Obama.
ROGULSKI: And where did Obama get the funds?
WOMAN: Obama getting the funds from... Ummm, I have no idea, to tell you the truth. He's the president.

Ficaremos todos pior

Ficaremos todos pior de Miguel Botelho Moniz:
Segundo as últimas notícias, a medida da TSU será substituida por um imposto especial que retire um subsídio a todos os trabalhadores (privado e público). A ser verdade, ninguém, para além da oposição, terá motivos para festejar. Ficarão todos pior do que com a medida anterior.
  • Ficará pior o governo
  • Ficarão pior as empresas
  • Ficarão pior os trabalhadores do sector privado
  • Ficarão pior os desempregados
  • Ficarão pior os pensionistas e beneficiários da segurança social
  • E sim, ficarão pior os funcionários públicos
ler o artigo

sábado, Setembro 22, 2012

Entitlement mentality

Obama Is Going To Pay For My Gas And Mortgage!!!

Who will build the roads?

Não deixa de ser paródia, mas está bom New Hampshire Set To Privatize All Roads:
Last month, the State House passed the Roads Privatization Act by an overwhelming majority. Proponents of the bill have advocated road privatization as a means of cutting taxes, which, they claim, will provide boosts to the local economy.
“Every dollar that’s taxed would be better spent somewhere else. Forcing people to pay for roads through taxation is just like breaking a window to jumpstart the economy..
The new act will enable private persons and companies to homestead individual roads once the government relinquishes ownership. From there, each road will be owned and maintained by the individual or company in question.
“What we know from all of history is that government can’t be trusted with anything,” said Freeman. “There is a huge economic calculation problem that socialists who advocate for government-owned roads don’t see. It can be proven that absentee landlords and private businesses will do a much better job handling roads than any set of bureaucrats. And let’s not forget that taxation is violent. Everything the government does is basically an act of war. Private companies and landlords are 100% peaceful. No one forces you to pay them like the government.”

Socialismo Monetário (5)

No seguimento de Socialismo Monetário (4)

the Federal Reserve creates the free money that makes evil profitable

End the Fed!

Marxism is a joke

Marxists' Apartment A Microcosm Of Why Marxism Doesn't Work (The Onion):
AMHERST, MA—The filthy, disorganized apartment shared by three members of the Amherst College Marxist Society is a microcosm of why the social and economic utopia described in the writings of Karl Marx will never come to fruition, sources reported Monday.
Despite the roommates' optimism, the system began to break down soon after its establishment. To settle disputes, the roommates held weekly meetings of the "Committee of Three."
The roommates have also tried to implement a food-sharing system, with similarly poor results. The dream of equal distribution of shared goods quickly gave way to pilferage, misallocation, and hoarding.
The lack of funds and the resulting scarcity breeds not only discontent but also corruption. Although collectivism only works when all parties contribute to the fullest extent, Foyle hid the existence of a $245 paycheck from roommates so he would not have to pay his back rent, in essence refusing to participate in the forced voluntary taxation that is key to socialism. Even worse, Dorff, who is entrusted with bill collection and payment, recently pocketed $30, a theft he claimed was "for the heating bill" but was put toward buying drinks later that night.

"As is human nature, power tends to corrupt even the noblest of men," Browning said. "The more power the collective has over the lives of the individuals, as is the case in this household, the more he who is in charge of distribution has to gain by being unscrupulous. These Marxists will soon realize they overestimated how much control they would like 514 W. Elm as an entity to have."