In the long term, we cannot consume more than we produce. Our standard of living is fundamentally driven by our ability to produce goods and services that improve our quality of life and the quality of life of those with whom we trade. The question is, how can government policy contribute to the kind of environment in which human productivity is maximized and in which individuals can pursue their personal happiness?
- Low or neutral tax rates increase productivity and raise the standard of living for everyone, including the poor. High tax rates discourage investment and encourage high-income individuals to spend a great deal of their intellect and capital trying to avoid taxes.
- Government spending as a percentage of GDP needs to be materially reduced.
- The most important focal points for cost control are the massive entitlement programs: Social Security, Medicaid and Medicare.
- Government regulations must be radically reduced. According to an annual study, the total cost of U.S federal government regulations in 2008 was $1.75 trillion, or 12 percent of GDP.
- Free trade is essential for economic well-being.
- Immigration of productive and hardworking individuals must be encouraged.
- At the macro level, we must restore discipline to our political system. Above all, we need politics that encourage savings and investment and discourage unnecessary spending.